- 1 Digital Leadership Series
- 2 Introduction to Scale Agile
- 3 Agile Definition
- 4 Agile Project Manager Career Demand
- 5 Agile Project Manager Manager Salary
- 6 Agile Project Manager Job Description
- 7 Agile Software Development
- 8 What is Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe)?
- 9 Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe) PDF
- 10 Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe) Certification
- 10.1 Implementing SAFe 4.0 with SAFe Program Consultant (SPC4) Certification
- 10.2 Leading SAFe 4.0 with SA Certification
- 10.3 SAFe 4.0. Scrum Master with SSM Certification
- 10.4 SAFe 4.0 Advanced Scrum Master with SASM Certification
- 10.5 SAFe 4.0 for Teams with SP Certification
- 10.6 SAFe 4.0 Product Manager / Product Owner with PMPO Certification
- 11 Scaled Agile Academy
- 12 RUP (Rational Unified Process)
- 13 Large-Scale Scrum (LeSS)
- 14 Agile Practice Guide (Project Management Institute & Agile Alliance)
- 15 Agile ISO 21500
- 16 Agile Software
- 17 Agile Methodology Wiki
- 17.1 Acceptance criteria
- 17.2 Acceptance testing
- 17.3 Agile
- 17.4 Behavior Driven Development
- 17.5 Bottleneck
- 17.6 Bugs
- 17.7 Burndown Chart
- 17.8 Daily Standup/Scrum
- 17.9 Done
- 17.10 Epic
- 17.11 Estimation
- 17.12 Feature creep
- 17.13 Kanban
- 17.14 Lean
- 17.15 Pair Programming
- 17.16 Planning Poker
- 17.17 Product Backlog
- 17.18 Product Owner
- 17.19 Retrospective
- 17.20 Scrum
- 17.21 Scrumban
- 17.22 Scrum Master
- 17.23 Spike
- 17.24 Sprint / Iteration
- 17.25 Sprint Backlog
- 17.26 Sprint Planning
- 17.27 Sprint Review
- 17.28 Story Points
- 17.29 Task
- 17.30 Taskboard / Storyboard
- 17.31 Team
- 17.32 Test Driven Development
- 17.33 Timeboxing
- 17.34 User Persona
- 17.35 User Story
- 17.36 Velocity
- 17.37 Vertical Slice
- 17.38 WIP
- 17.39 XP
Digital Leadership Series
Welcome to the Digital Leadership Series. This Scaled Agile career insight guide is part of the Digital Leadership Series written by Angel Berniz. Following you can find all the Digital Leadership Series guides available:
- Big Data
- Internet of Things
- Industry 4.0
- Scaled Agile
- Machine Learning
- Lean Startup
- Design Thinking
CALL FOR LESSONS LEARNED TIPS by Pros, for writing 10 new books. The challenge is the following:
- If you are a Pro in one of these 10 areas, please contribute with one Lesson Learned tip that you would love someone else had taught you when you started. I mean a 1-page project management tip on Robotics, Big Data, Blockchain, etc.
- You can also help me with this challenge by sharing to your friends, colleagues, Twitter followers, Facebook friends, and LinkedIn connections, asking them for Pros to contribute one tip to be included in these books.
All contributors will be mentioned in the book and gain career exposure!
Send your contributions to [email protected]
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Introduction to Scale Agile
Nowadays everyone want to be Agile, in fact being “more agile” is a business need for its Digital Transformation. The challenge with agile methodologies is that they were born in software development and they require to get adapted to other industries and wider environments such as program management. In other words, there is a need for a Scaled Agile framework methodology.
The most famous in this scenario is Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe) based in RUP (Rational Unified Process). There are also efforts by Project Management Institute (PMI) and Agile Alliance for building an Agile Practice Guide in order to make more agile the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBoK).
We are going to cover all these topics in this article.
Agile project management is the iterative method of planning and guiding project processes.
Just like in agile software development, an agile project is finished in small sections known as iterations. Each iteration is reviewed and critiqued through the project team, which might include representatives from the client business in addition to employees. Insights acquired in the critique of the iteration are utilized to figure out what the next phase ought to be within the project. Each project iteration is usually scheduled to become completed within 15 days.
The primary advantage of agile project management software is being able to react to issues because they arise throughout the path of the work. Creating a necessary switch to a task in the proper time can help to save sources and, ultimately, help generate a effective project promptly and within budget.
Because agile management depends on the opportunity to decide rapidly, it’s not appropriate for organizations that have a tendency to deliberate over issues for any prolonged period or individuals that take decisions to some committee.
Agile Project Manager Career Demand
The demand of the Agile Project Manager career is very high, with exponential increase (according to IT Job Whatch):
Agile Project Manager Manager Salary
The salary of Agile Project Manager is high because there lack of professionals in this field:
Agile Project Manager Job Description
The following Agile Project Manager job description for an employment opportunity was published at Linkedin by Page Personnel:
- Mobile Marketplace Company.
- Project Manager with experiencie in Agile Environment.
About our client
Job opportunity description
Your Main Responsibilities Will Be
- Create user stories and acceptance criteria.
- Continuously and transparently communicate the prioritized backlog and project status according to the company’s main KPIs.
- Provide status updates and monitor product KPIs/success metrics.
- Represent the customer by bringing the customer and end user’s voice into the creation process.
- Work closely with the Customer Support Team & Business Intelligence to drive usage, success metrics and gather new feature ideas and requirements.
- Collaborate cross-functionally with Developers, UX Designers, QA Testers and Copywriters to fulfil the product roadmap.
- In cooperation with the development team and other team members, develop standards, templates, processes and procedures that improve requirements and contribute to team productivity.
The Ideal Candidate Must Have The Following Requirements
- A minimum of 4 years of experience in Product Management in a fast-moving media and technology environment.
- Advanced knowledge of SEO: at least 4 years of experience.
- At least 2 years working on mobile-first products.
- Expertise in Agile development methodology and experience working with continuous delivery.
- Working proficiency in English.
- Ability to lead and advocate for features based on quantitative and qualitative data.
- Expertise in using deep analtyttics to support decision making.
- Working knowledge of the classified marketplace space.
What do we offer
- Competitive salary.
- Career plan.
- Stock options.
- Benefits: dental and health insurance.
- Exeptional work environment.
- Team-building activities.
- On-site physical therapy.
- Candy Bar (free snacks and drinks).
Agile Software Development
Within the late 1990’s, several methodologies started to achieve growing public attention, each getting another mixture of new and old ideas. These methodologies emphasized close collaboration between your team of developers and business stakeholders frequent delivery of economic value, tight, self-organizing teams and smartest ways to craft, confirm, and deliver code.
The word “Agile” was put on this assortment of methodologies at the begining of 2001 when 17 software development practitioners collected in Snowbird, Utah to go over their shared ideas as well as other methods to software development. This joint assortment of values and concepts was expressed within the Manifesto for Agile Software Development and also the corresponding twelve concepts.
Agile Software Development is definitely an umbrella term for some methods and practices in line with the values and concepts expressed within the Agile Manifesto.
Solutions evolve through collaboration between self-organizing, mix-functional teams using the appropriate practices for his or her context.
In the centre from the Agile movement is the concept that individuals and interactions tend to be more important than processes and tools. Well, traditional program and portfolio management wanted in the loop. Go forward to 2013 and along came SAFe (Scaled Agile Framework). SAFe is really a descendent from RUP (Rational Unified Process).
What is Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe)?
The Scaled Agile Framework™ is really a proven codified, and openly-facing understanding base which is used to effectively scale lean and agile rise in bigger software enterprises. It’s been effectively used in programs varying from 50-100 people, to enterprises employing a large number of software developers.
The concept would be to take Agile, created for teams, and scale it in the program and portfolio levels. Organizations are eating in the idea and flocking to SAFe training like sheep – according to Mike MacIsaac, Program/Project Management Expert & Agile Scrum Master.
According to the aforementioned author the issue is that whole interactions and people should be more essential than process and tools factor (according to the Agile Manifesto). In his point of view, in SAFe they are presenting more processes and hierarchy. It goes out from the core concepts of Agile. Also, SAFe helps make the software development process more difficult.
Developers would like to sit using the customer, write code, and obtain feedback. Here you can see in the following picture he SAFe map from ScaledAgileFramework.com. Could we make things more difficult? It appears as though a roadmap they’d provide you with to navigate DisneyLand – according to that author.
In my point of view, now here speaking Angel Berniz, we probably should keep Agile at the self-managed Team Level of Agile project management, and probably use standard program and portfolio methodologies for managing the big picture. In any case, I am sure there are valuable contributions from SAFe that we should consider, and therefore it is good to have knowledge of the Scaled Agile Framework metholology.
Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe) PDF
In the Scaled Agile Framework website you can download the Scaled Agile Framework 4.0 Foundations. The Scaled Agile Framework Foundations downloadable slide deck is meant for that sole reason for promoting adoption and utilisation of the Scaled Agile Framework to the advantage of the enterprises and people who put it into practice.
Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe) Certification
There are a whole bunch of Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe) certification programs, Following you can find them:
Implementing SAFe 4.0 with SAFe Program Consultant (SPC4) Certification
The purporse of the Implementing Scaled Agile Framework 4.0 with SAFe Program Consultant (SPC4) Certification is to help to internal Agile change agents and external consultants to offer the combined worth of Leading Scaled Agile Framework and Applying Scaled Agile Framework to guide and implement Scaled Agile Framework within their enterprise context.
Leading SAFe 4.0 with SA Certification
The purpose of the Leading Scaled Agile Framework 4.0 with SA Certification is to help to executives, managers, consultants, and Agile change agents responsible for leading a Lean-Agile change initiative in a large software enterprise to discover using the Scaled Agile Framework, lean, and product creation concepts within their enterprise context.
SAFe 4.0. Scrum Master with SSM Certification
The purpose of the Scaled Agile Framework 4.0. Scrum Master with SSM Certification is to help to new or existing Scrum Masters, team leads, Release Train Engineers to know the function of Scrum poor the whole enterprise, and learn to build high performing Agile teams by being a servant leader and coach.
SAFe 4.0 Advanced Scrum Master with SASM Certification
The purpose of the Scaled Agile Framework 4.0 Advanced Scrum Master with SASM Certification is to help to advance to Scrum Masters, team leads, facilitators, managers, Agile coaches, and process champions their expertise and practical ability in enabling and facilitating Agile/Scrum teams within the enterprise atmosphere.
SAFe 4.0 for Teams with SP Certification
The purpose of the Scaled Agile Framework 4.0 for Teams with SP Certification is to help to all stakeholders of an Agile Release Train at the beginning of its Scaled Agile Framework journey to tearn to become Agile Teams, build their backlog, and plan and execute iterations.
SAFe 4.0 Product Manager / Product Owner with PMPO Certification
The purpose of the Scaled Agile Framework 4.0 Product Manager / Product Owner with PMPO Certification is to help to Product Owners, Product Managers, Business Owners, Product Line Leads, Program Managers, Business Analysts to learn how to best perform together to provide continuous value inside a Lean-Agile software enterprise.
Scaled Agile Academy
The Scaled Agile Academy is the site where you can find training on Scaled Agile Framework through their Global Partner Network.
RUP (Rational Unified Process)
Rational Unified Process (RUP) is an well known object-oriented and Web-enabled program development methodology. Based on Rational (developers of Rational Rose and also the Unified Modeling Language), RUP is much like a web-based mentor that gives guidelines, templates, and examples for those aspects and stages of program development. RUP and other alike products – for example Object-Oriented Software Process (OOSP), and also the OPEN Process – are comprehensive software engineering tools that combine the procedural facets of development (for example defined stages, techniques, and practices) along with other aspects of development (for example documents, models, manuals, code, and so forth) inside a unifying framework.
Large-Scale Scrum (LeSS)
LeSS is a well known lightweight (agile) framework for scaling Scrum to several team. It had been extracted from the encounters of Bas Vodde and Craig Larman while Scaling Agile rise in various sorts of companies, products and industries during the last 10 years. There are many.
LeSS includes the LeSS Concepts, the Framework, the Guides and some experiments. The LeSS framework is split into two frameworks: fundamental LeSS for just 2-8 teams and fewer Huge for 8 teams. Many of these can also be found around the less.works site.
LeSS differs along with other scaling frameworks meaning that it possesses a very minimalistic framework that allows empiricism on the large-scale which helps the teams and organization to examine-adapt their implementation according to their encounters and context. LeSS is dependant on the concept that supplying an excessive amount of rules, roles, artifacts and asking the business to tailor it lower is really a essentially problematic approach and rather scaling frameworks ought to be minimalistic and allowing organizations to fill them in.
Agile Practice Guide (Project Management Institute & Agile Alliance)
Currently, the Project Management Institute and Agile Alliance work hand in hand to obtain the Agile Practice Guide in July 2017. PMI is doing an effort to adapt Agile to other industries different from where Agile project management was born (software development).
Agile ISO 21500
Of course a great way to scale Agile is by using Agile techniques and tools while the whole project is managed by an international standard. As the ISO 21500 doesn’t define which techniques and tools you are required to use, you can let project teams to perform with Agile while the big picture is managed with an stardard method.
With agile increasing, Agile project management software has become more competitive than ever before. The very best software addresses three discomfort points common for Agile teams:
- Agile reporting and metrics: Time tracking and projection, easy-to-understand progress reports for stakeholders, quality assurance, and percentage complete
- Communication: Communicate updates with local and distributed teams, and share task lists, feedback, and assignments
- Project assessment: Identify and remedy project obstacles, evaluate performance, and appraise financials
Using these needed features in your mind, I dove into the field of a few of the top Agile project management software software and narrowed lower their email list to those seven great options. They are highlighted below alphabetically.
ActiveCollab is a superb, affordable solution for small companies. Because it’s so simple to use, project managers do not need to worry about teaching their team using this celebrated software. Its effective document management, email-based communication features, priority and task control, and budgeting features make it particularly attractive for project managers attempting to manage multiple projects.
Positive: Intuitive, outstanding support, iOS apps, can bill the customer straight with the application, time tracking, and the opportunity to limit which user sees what.
Negative: Timeline and column views for tasks rather of Gantt.
Pricing Model: On-premise at $499 $49/month for approximately 15 team people.
Agilo for Scrum
For those who have a task that requires a effective communication tool, Agilo for Scrum is among your very best self bets. Agilo for Scrum instantly updates stakeholders around the project’s progress. Additionally, it offers tools to make certain that team people understand the latest updates every change produced by a person is instantly proven for their teammates through the “Incoming Activity” panel. Furthermore, Agilo provides a “Sprint Report” and burn lower charts for project managers searching to data mine their progress.
Positive: An excellent communication system, responsive support team (24-hour response time), and well-priced.
Negative: No capability to host several project, no mobile application, and a few have noted the product is hard to learn.
Pricing Model: €10 per month for limitless users, one team, one project, or €20 for limitless users, limitless teams, and 1 project.
Atlassian Jira Agile
Among the reliable brands in Agile software, Atlassian Jira Agile is quick to provide a effective project management software tool that may fit most offices. Teams may use the product as whether self-located or cloud-based solution. Atlassian Jira Agile offers Scrum, Kanban, and integrates with JIRA, Confluence, along with other Atlassian products. Project managers could make customized workflows, visualize QA issues, and in constant communication with “HipChat,” and also the software provides a system known as “Release Hub” which makes sure your products is actually “complete” when it’s sent towards the final customer.
Positive: Mobile application, strong backlog management, and a lot of add-ons so project managers can personalize the program for their team’s needs.
Negative: There are plenty of features that Atlassian Jira Agile includes a strong learning curve for brand new users, and switching between apps could be a discomfort.
Pricing Model: Starts at $10/mo for 10 users, scales up according to users.
Pivotal Labs, a consultancy on software development, produced Pivotal Tracker to particularly assist web and mobile developers. Pivotal Tracker supports multiple projects, burndown charts, messaging between users, project-based tasks, and user tales. Pivotal Tracker is comparatively simple to use (once you get past the program’s jargon), includes a fantastic iOS application, while offering a pleasant group of feedback tools, so QA is definitely the main thing on the work.
Positive: Great particularly for Agile software development, plenty of integrations (including Jira, Zendesk, and Bugzilla), supports mix-functional teams, and free for people and public projects.
Negative: Support could be slow for non-having to pay users and also the product is hard to personalize.
Pricing Model: Free for 3 users, 2GB of storage, and 2 private projects also free for public projects, non-profits, and educational institutions. Starts at $12.50/month for five collaborators and rises to $250/month for 50 collaborators.
If Kanban is much more of the style but Trello isn’t performing, SprintGround may be worth investigating. SprintGround is made with software developers in your mind – users can certainly parse out projects, versions, and releases. SprintGround also offers a framework that encourages developers to check out feature demands, suggestions, and questions additionally to offering traditional online bug tracking software functionality.
Positive: Ideal for software development, encourages customer-driven product, and it has many traditional Scrum functions like burndown charts.
Negative: File storage is restricted no matter which plan you select.
Pricing Model: Free for 3 users, two projects, and 50MB of file storage. Starts at €24 per month for eight users, limitless projects, and 1GB of storage. In the high finish (for firms using more than 21 collaborators), SprintGround charges €5 per user, monthly.
Targetprocess’s motto is “think visually, work efficiently,Inches also it bills itself like a visual keeper. Don’t let their concentrate on appearance fool you this gorgeous software has lots of teeth to aid your Agile needs, because it has for giant names like Marriott, Ancestry.com, ‘cisco’ and ThyssenKrupp. Its emphasis is on data visualization above heavy charts and then-to-useless spreadsheets, so it’s very easy for just about any project manager to get. The program offers pre-prepared solutions for each individual in your project team there’s space for that Scrum master to personalize development flow, to have an IT manager to obtain his tickets straight, as well as for an item owner to highlight featuring are most significant for the organization or client.
Positive: Gorgeous, unique design that’s ideal for enterprise companies.
Negative: The organization charges $150 each hour for training regarding how to use their very own product for “free” people (compensated people get practicing free).
Pricing Model: Free for approximately 1,000 entities (“entities” being everything from bugs, demands, tasks, etc). Scales up from $20 per user monthly for limitless entities, premium support, and free training up to and including custom enterprise plan (with custom prices) for businesses searching for additional-secure hosting (single sign-on, private cloud, etc). The non-public cloud may either be located on-premises or perhaps in the atmosphere supplied by Targetprocess. If located through the client, Targetprocess charges $220 per user, each year.
VersionOne may be the eighth most widely used project management software software on the planet-and it is deserved and needed, thinking about its intuitive interface, capability to personalize for just about any type of Agile your team uses (DSDM? Scrum? XP? Take your pick), and visual, easy-to-understand reporting features. Users can select up VersionOne and rapidly learn to drag-and-drop around the Kanban boards, place comments, and maintain their teammates’ and private tasks from the dashboard. VersionOne also syncs with a number of ALM development tools, including Jira, GIT, HP Quality Center, and Microsoft Visual Studio, which means you won’t be required to leave your present workspaces behind.
Positive: Simple to use, great integration systems, and great for remote teams.
Negative: Overwhelming quantity of features and also the free version is extremely limited.
Pricing Model: Free for just one project and something team scales as much as $175 per month and beyond according to users featuring.
Agile Methodology Wiki
These are specific criteria identified by the customer for each functional requirement. The acceptance criteria are written in simple terms and from a perspective of the customer.
Sample format is: As a…..I want to….. so that I can……
Acceptance testing is a validation activity conducted to determine whether or not a system satisfies its acceptance criteria. It is the last phase of the software testing process.
A conceptual framework for undertaking software projects. Agile methods are a family of development processes, not a single approach to software development.
Behavior Driven Development
Behavior driven development (or BDD) is an agile software development technique that encourages collaboration between developers, QA and non-technical or business participants in a software project. BDD focuses on obtaining a clear understanding of desired software behavior through discussion with stakeholders. It extends TDD by writing test cases in a natural language that non-programmers can read.
A bottleneck is a sort of congestion in a system that occurs when workload arrives at a given point more quickly than that point can handle it.
It is metaphorically derived from the flowing of water through a narrow mouthed bottle where the flow of water is constrained by the size of its neck.
A software bug is a problem causing a program to crash or produce invalid output. It is caused by insufficient or erroneous logic and can be an error, mistake, defect or fault.
A burndown chart is a visual tool for measuring and displaying progress. Visually, a burndown chart is simply a line chart representing remaining work over time. Burndown charts are used to measure the progress of an agile project at both a iteration and project level.
A Daily Standup is a whole team meeting that happens at the same time every day that usually lasts 15 minutes or less. The meeting is designed to allow the entire team to synchronize with each other and to understand the flow and challenges of the development process. Each team member should provide the following information: what did I do yesterday, what am I planning to do today, and what impediments do I currently have?
Also referred to as “Done Done”, this term is used to describe all the various tasks that need to happen before a story is considered potentially releasable.
A very large user story that is eventually broken down into smaller stories.
The process of agreeing on a size measurement for the stories, as well as the tasks required to implement those stories, in a product backlog.
Feature creep occurs when a software becomes complicated and difficult to use as a result of too many features.
Kanban, pronounced /ˈkɑnˈbɑn/, is a method for developing products with an emphasis on just-in-time delivery and the optimization of flow of work on the team. It emphasizes that developers pull work from a queue, and the process, from definition of a task to its delivery to the customer, is displayed for participants to see.
Lean software development is a translation of Lean manufacturing and Lean IT principles and practices to the software development domain. Adapted from the Toyota Production System and is a set of techniques and principles for delivering more values with the same or less resources by eliminating waste across organizations and business processes
Pair programming is an agile software development technique in which two programmers work together at one workstation. One types in code while the other reviews each line of code as it is typed in. The person typing is called the driver. The person reviewing the code is called the observer (or navigator). The two programmers switch roles frequently.
Also called Scrum poker, is a consensus-based technique for estimating, mostly used to estimate effort or relative size of tasks in software development.
Acts as a repository for requirements targeted for release at some point. These are typically high level requirements with high level estimates provided by the product stakeholders. The requirements are listed on the backlog in priority order and maintained by the product owner.
The Product Owner represents in agile management the voice of the customer and is accountable for ensuring that the Team delivers value to the business. The Product Owner writes customer-centric items (typically user stories), prioritizes them, and adds them to the product backlog. Scrum teams should have one Product Owner.
A team meeting that happens at the end of every development iteration to review lessons learned and to discuss how the team can be more efficient in the future. It is based on the principles of applying the learning from the previous sprint to the upcoming sprint.
Scrum is a framework within which people can address complex adaptive problems, while productively and creatively delivering products of the highest possible value. It is based on the adaptive and iterative methodology of software development.
Scrumban is a mix between Scrum and Kanban, which supposedly contains the best features of both methods.
Scrum is accountable for removing impediments to the ability of the team to deliver the sprint goal/deliverables. The ScrumMaster is not the team leader but acts as a buffer between the team and any distracting influences. The ScrumMaster ensures that the Scrum process is used as intended. The ScrumMaster is the enforcer of rules. A key part of the ScrumMaster’s role is to protect the team and keep them focused on the tasks at hand. The role has also been referred to as servant-leader to reinforce these dual perspectives.
A short, time-boxed piece of research, usually technical, on a single story that is intended to provide just enough information that the team can estimate the size of the story.
Sprint / Iteration
A fixed duration period of time where user stories are chosen to work on. The term Sprint comes from the Scrum methodology and is analogous to the term Iteration. A sprint is defined as a 2-4 week increment of software development activities that delivers working software and the end of the increment. External influences are not allowed to change the requirements of the stories being worked on.
At the beginning of each sprint, the team has sprint planning with an end result being a backlog of work that the team anticipates completing at the end of the sprint. These are the items that the team will deliver against throughout the duration of the sprint.
Is a pre-sprint planning meeting attended by the core agile team. During the meeting the Product Owner describes the highest priority features to the team as described on the product backlog. The team then agrees on the number of features they can accomplish in the sprint and plans out the tasks required to achieve delivery of those features. The planning group works the features into User Stories and assigns Acceptance criteria to each story.
Each Sprint is followed by a Sprint review. During this review the software developed in the previous Sprint is reviewed and if necessary new backlog items are added.
Unit of estimation measuring complexity and size.
A user story can be broken down in to one or more tasks. Tasks are estimated daily in hours (or story points) remaining by the developer working on them.
Taskboard / Storyboard
A wall chart with cards and sticky notes that represents all the work for in a given sprint. The notes are moved across the board to show progress.
The Team is responsible for delivering the product. A Team is typically made up of 5–9 people with cross-functional skills who do the actual work (analyse, design, develop, test, technical communication, document, etc.). It is recommended that the Team be self-organizing and self-led, but often work with some form of project or team management.
Test Driven Development
Test-driven development (TDD) is a software development process that relies on the repetition of a very short development cycle: first the developer writes a failing automated test case that defines a desired improvement or new function, then produces code to pass that test and finally refactors the new code to acceptable standards.
Timeboxing is a planning technique common in planning projects (typically for software development), where the schedule is divided into a number of separate time periods (timeboxes, normally two to six weeks long), with each part having its own deliverables, deadline and budget.
Personas are a description of the typical users of a given software. A persona description should include:
1) Skills and background – E.g. professional or beginner computer user
2) Goals – E.g. what does the user expect from the product?
A user story is a very high-level definition of a requirement, containing just enough information so that the developers can produce a reasonable estimate of the effort to implement it. A user story is one or more sentences in the everyday or business language of the end user that captures what the user wants to achieve. A user story is also a placeholder for conversation between the users and the team. The user stories should be written by or for the customers for a software project and are their main instrument to influence the development of the software. User stories could also be written by developers to express non-functional requirements (security, performance, quality, etc.)
It is a relative number which describes how much work the team can get done over a period of time.
Showing off a feature in an application that works from start to finish but may be limited in scope. For example a rope bridge crossing a chasm is immediately useful and allows people to cross. Having that in place can help to build a better bridge later.
Also known as Work in Progress is any work that has been started but has yet to be completed.
A software development methodology which is intended to improve software quality and responsiveness to changing customer requirements. As a type of agile software development, it advocates frequent “releases” in short development cycles (timeboxing), which is intended to improve productivity and introduce checkpoints where new customer requirements can be adopted.
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